Useful Tips

Speech etiquette for expressing request in Spanish


disculpar vt, excusar vt, perdonar vt

СЌ то Рј Рѕ жно РёР · РІРёРЅ Рё ть - esto se puede perdonar

RёR · РІРёРЅ Рё те! “ВЎdiscГєlpeme !, ВЎexcГєseme !, ВЎperdГіneme !, ВЎdispГ © nseme!

РёР · РІРёРЅ Рё те РјРѕ СЋ Р · Р ° Р ± С ‹РІС ‡ ивость — perdГіneme mi falta de memoria

РёР · РІРёРЅ Рё те Р · Р ° РІС ‹СЂР ° Р¶ Рµ РЅРёРµ СЂР ° Р · Рі. - ”perdГіneme (pido perdГіn) por mis palabras

РЅСѓ, СѓР¶ РёР · РІРёРЅ Рё те! СЂР ° Р · Рі. - in ‰ € ВЎde ninguna manera!

High degree of request

Por lo que más quiera (s)

¡Por el amor de Dios!

On my knees (pray)

For the sake of all that you (you) love most (love)

in official applications

Haga (me) el favor de
Tenga (tendría) la bondad de
Seria tan amable de
Tenga la amabilidad de

Will you be so kind

Would you be so kind

Be so kind

- ¿Sería tan amable de ayudarme con el equipaje?

“Could you help me with the luggage?”

In the office reception:

- Señor, tenga la bondad (amabilidad) de sentarse y esperar un par de minutos.

“Senior, please sit down and wait a couple of minutes.”

- Adelante. ¿Que desea?

- Come in. What do you want?

in informal appeals

Hágame (hazme) un favor

Quisiera (quiero) pedirle / te un favor

Le / te voy a pedir un favor

¿Me hace / haría (haces / harías) un (gran) favor?

¿Puede / podría, pudiera (puedes, podrías, pudieras) hacerme un favor?

¿Me quiere / s hacer un favor?

Do me a favor

I would like to ask you (you) to do me a favor

Will you (me) do me a favor?

Could you (you) be able to do me a favor?

I would like you (you) to do me a favor

- Pedro, hazme un favor, entrega las flores a mi novia.

- Pedro, do me a favor, hand flowers to my girlfriend.

- Profesor, le quiero pedir un favor. ¿Me podría prestar diez minutos el libro de poesía que acaba de leer en clase?

- Muy bien. Aquí tienes.

- Mister teacher, can I ask you to borrow a book of poems that you just read in class for ten minutes?

- Very good. Here she is.

Grammar constructions

¿Le (te) puedo pedir que + subjuntivo?

¿Le (te) podría pedir que + subjuntivo?

¿(Me) puede (s) + infinitivo?

¿(Me) podría (s) + infinitivo?

Can I ask you (you) ...?

I could ask you (you) ...?

Will you give me (give) me ...?

- ¿Podría decirme dónde queda la parada del autobús?

“Could you tell me where the bus stop is?”

- All the time right.

- ¿Me dejas la cámara fotográfica para mañana?

“Will you give me a camera for tomorrow?”

¿Me deja un segundo el bolígrafo para rellenar este impreso?

“Will you give me a pen for a second to fill out this form?”

Cheers, goodbyes in Spanish

In Spain, to greet a person, you just need to call him Olya :)
It is written - Hola! Pronounced - a cross between “OlI"And" Olbut

More formal greeting: “good afternoon!” - Buenos dias! - pronounce “bAtenos dANDace ”

Good evening! - Buenas Tardes! - “buenas tardes” - always used in the afternoon.
Goodnight! - Buenas Noches! - “BuenAs noches” (night) - used after 19 hours.

To say goodbye, the Spaniards rarely say the famous, thanks to Arnold Schwarzenegger, the phrase “hasta la vista” (see you later). Most often they will say: “see you soon!” - Hasta luego! - “Asta LuEgo”
Well, or they say “goodbye (those)” - Adios - “adyos”

Tell your interlocutor your name, for example: “my name is Anton” - Me llamo Anton - “me yAmo Anton”
You can say where you come from: “I am Russian / Russian” - Soy ruso / rusa - “Soy ruso / rusa”

Daily words and phrases in Spanish, courtesy

Yes: Yes - Si
No - No.
It is more polite, of course, to say “no, thank you!” - No, gracias! - “but, grAsias”

A very important word that always helps in Spain: “please” - por favor - "por favor"
And thank you Gracias - “grAcias” (in the middle of the word the letter “c” is fuzzy and even lisping)

In response, you can hear: “not at all!” - De nada - “de nada”

If we want to apologize, say “I'm sorry” - Perdon - “perdOn”
To this, the Spaniards often answer: “everything is in order (nothing wrong)!” - No pasa nada - “but pasa nada”

How to ask directions in Spanish

Sometimes a tourist gets a little lost in the city. Then it's time to ask in Spanish:
where is…? -? Donde esta ...? - “dONde estA?”

For example, if you are going to take the ALSA bus and cannot find the bus station, learn the phrase in Spanish: “Do you want to find out the detailed answer in Spanish can be discouraging, but the Spaniard is likely to duplicate the direction by hand :)

Street signs in Figueiras

Here are some more useful Spanish words indicating directions:

To the Left - Izquierda - “Iskherda”
To the right - Derecha - “deEcha”
Straight - Recto - “Recto”

In Spanish, “street” - Calle - “kaye”

We ask where is the Rambla street -? Donde esta la calle Rambla? - “dondé esta la caye ramble?”
We ask where is the beach -? Donde esta la playa? - “Donde EstA La Playa?”

You can search the Russian Embassy - “Where is the Russian Embassy?” -? Donde esta la embajada de Rusia? - “dondE esta la embahad de de russia?”
Another useful remark: “Where is the toilet?” -? Donde estan los aseos? - “dONde estAn los asEos?”

Basic Spanish words on transport

Schedule - Horario - “Ario”
Sale - Venta - “Venta”
Ticket (for transport) - Billete - “biyete” or “bilete”. You can say "ticket" - also normally understand.
If you need a “Return and Return” ticket, the cashier needs to say: “Ida i Vuelta” - “Ida and wuElt”
Card (travel card, subscription, it is a bank card) - Tarjeta - “tarheta”
Next station - Proxima parada - “Proxima ParAda”

Train - Tren - Tren
Way, platform - Via - “Bia”
Taxi / metro / bus - Taxi, metro, autobus - “taxi, metro, autobus”

Understanding mutual understanding + help

I don't speak Spanish - No habla espanol - “but Abla EspanyolOl”

Do you speak Russian? - Habla ruso? - “Abla ruso?”
Speak English? - Habla ingles? - “Abla Ingles?”

At first, this phrase will be the most popular: “I do not understand” - No entiendo - “but entiEndo”
The Spaniards very often confirm, they say, “Got it” - “Vale” - “Bale!”

“Help me please!” -? Ayudeme, por favor! - “AyudEme, since Favor!”

Shopping, reservations

What it is? -? Que es esto? - “ke es esto?”
The main phrase for shopping: “how much?” -? Cuanto cuesta? - “cuanto kuesta?”)
If you are going to pay by credit card, it will be - Con tarjeta - “con tarheta”
Cash - Efectivo - Effective For

Car - Coche - “Koche”
Entrance (to any institution) - Entrada - “EntrAda”
Exit - Salida - “SalIda”

I booked a room - Tengo una reserva de la habitacion - “Tengo Una ResErva de la abitAction”

If you need to spend the night, you can say: “two beds for this night” - Dos kamas por esta noche - “dos kamas por estA night”

Spanish phrases about food (in a restaurant, shop, market)

Sometimes, when you buy food in a cafeteria or bar, the Spaniards ask: Do you take food “to take away?” - Para llevar? - “PAR YEBAR?”. If you want to eat in a cafe, you can answer a short “No” and add: “I will eat here” - Para aquí - - “PARA AKI”

I will order ... - Voy a tomar ... - “battle and tomar”

Enjoy your meal! - Buen provecho! - “Buen ProvEcho.” Or often just “ProvEcho!”

Hot - caliente - “calente”
Preheat - calentar - “kalentAr”

The check, please! - La cuenta, por favor! - “La Quenta, the past Favor”

Meat - Carne - “Arne”
Fish - Pescado - Pescado
Chicken - Pollo - “POYO”

If, when ordering chicken, you didn’t say “Polo”, but “Pollo” (if you read “pollo” as you used to), you get an indecent word and you have to say “Perdon” :)

Seafood - Mariscos - MarIskos
Pasta - Pastas- “Pasta”
Bread - Pan - “Pan”

Spanish words and phrases about drinks

Drinks - Bebidas - “baby idas”
Coffee with milk - Cafe con leche - “café con leche”

Beer - Cerveza - “Servesa”

The most important phrase for mastering Spain: “two beers, please!” - Dos cerveza, por favor! - “dos SERVES, since the favorite!”

Water with gas - Agua con gaz - “Agua con gas”
Water without gas - Agua sin gaz - “Agua sin gaz”

Black Tea - Té Negro - “te nEgro”
Green Tea - Té Verde - “te vErde”
Sugar - Azúcar - “atsUkar”
Spoon - Cuchara - “KuchAra”
Spoon (small) - Cucharilla - “KucharIya”
Fork - Tenedor - “Tenedor”

The Spaniards have the sounds “b” and “c” almost the same. This will be noticeable when you mention, for example, “wine”

White wine - El vino blanco - “el bino blanco”
Rose wine - Rosado - “El Bino RosAdo”
Red wine - Tinto - “El Bino Tinto”

If you want to order two glasses of red wine: “two glasses of red, please!” - Dos copas de vino tinto, por favor! - “dos kopas de bino tinto, since the favorite!”

Juice - Zumo - “Zumo” (sound fuzzy, lisping)
Orange juice, please - Zumo de Naranjo, por favor! - “ZUMO de Naranjo, since the favorite!”

7 most important words and phrases in Spanish

Before the first trip it’s hard to remember everything, so remember at least the 7 most important words and phrases in Spanish that you will definitely need:

  1. Hello! - Hola! - “Ola”
  2. Thanks - Gracias - “Gracias”
  3. Please - por favor - “por favor”
  4. I do not understand - No entiendo - “but entiEndo”
  5. Two beers, please! - Dos cerveza, por favor! - “dos SERVES, since the favorite!”
  6. Takeaway Food - Para llebar - “PAR YebAr”
  7. Very good! - Muy bien! - “MUYBEN!”

Remembering these words and phrases in Spanish, you will be quite normally heard by the locals during their holidays in Spain.

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